Prophet peace be upon him had thirteen wives. All of them were awarded
with the title of “Ummul
All of them were pious and cooperative to the mission of Holy
Prophet peace be upon him.
Khadija (may Allah be pleased with him) was first wife of Muhammad peace
be upon him. She was his only wife for twenty five years. She wa an
educated lady of a noble family and a flourishing business-woman in
Mecca. Khadija was daughter of Khalid bin Asad, who shard an ancestory
with Prophet peace be up[on him. Her first marriage was to Atiq
Makhzoomi, from whom she had one daughter named Hind. Her second
marriage was to Abu Hala from whom she had a son Hala and a daughter
Aenda. The Holy Prophet was about fifty years of age, when Khadija died.
months after Khadija’s death, Holy Prophet married Sauda, daughter of
Zama, who was a widow, had an issue from her former husband and was the
only muslim in her whole family, which had turned against her and she
thus required protection and help. On the advice of some of his
companions, the Holy Prophet married Sauda and took her under his own
daughter of Abu Bakr was the only virgin whom the Holy Prophet peace be
upon him married, shortly before the Hijrat to fulfill the wish of his
dearest friend Abu Bakr. Aysha was an exceptionally intelligent and
talented lady. She had an excellent memory and was very eloquent. She is
the narrator of as many as 2210 Ahadis. She was considered to be an
authority on the life of Holy Prophet peace be upon him and on the
meaning and interpretation of the Holy Quran. Many eminent companions of
holy Prophet, both male and female, came to seek her guidance on
intricate religious matters. It was Ayesha who testified to the
sublimity of the morals of Holy prophet by telling a questioner “Kana
Kuluquhul Quran” i.e. his morals are the Quran. The major portion of
the material about the religious matters relating to women was with her.
She survived the Holy Prophet by some 48 years.
daughter of Umar Farooq (may Allah be pleased with him), became a widow
when her husband Khunais, fell a martyr at the battle of Badr. In
accordance with the wishes of her father, Umar (may Allah be pleased
with him), the Holy Prophet married Hafsa. She is the narrator of some
Prophet peace be upon him married Zainab, daughter of Khuzaima, in
similar circumstances her husband Abdullah, son of Jahash fell a martyr
at the battle of Uhud. She was very pious and Alms-giving lady, who
always helped the poor and needy and earned the title of “Ummul
Masakin”. She expired in 4 A.H. during the life time of Holy Prophet.
martyr of battle of Uhud was Abu-Salma, who was one of the early
converts to Islam and one of those who emigrated to Abyssinia. When Abu-Salma,
the Holy Prophet peace be upon him married his widow, Ummi-Salma. She
used to instruct muslim women in religious matters and the narrator of
some 378 Ahadis. She lived to the ripe old age of 80 or 84 years.
daughter of Jahash, was the cousin of the Holy Prophet peace be upon him
through his aunt, Umaima, daughter of Abdul Muttalib. Zainab was married
to Zaid bin Haris, a freedman, whom the Holy Prophet had brought up as a
son. She and her brother were not agreeable to this marriage, but bowed
before the wishes of Holy Prophet. This marriage was celebrated in Mecca
eight years before Hijrat. The marriage proved a failure, and, much
against the advice and wishes of Holy Prophet peace be upon him, Zaid
divorced Zainab. After the Iddat was over, the Holy Prophet peace be
upon him married Zainab in accordance with her own wish and the wishes
of her family, in order to assuage her injured feelings and console her
by raising her to the status of the mother of believers. The Holy
Prophet (PBUH) had also to show with his own conduct and example that as
declared by Allah that an adopted son is not a real son. Zainab was the
only divorcee married by the Holy Prophet peace
be upon him.
the Ghazwa Bani Mustalaq, Barra, the daughter of the cheif of the tribe,
who was a widow became a prisoner of war. The companions advised the
Holy Prophet peace be upon him that, as she was daughter of chief of
tribe, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) should take her and marry her. She
was given the name of Juwaria by Holy Prophet peace be upon him.
was the daughter of Abu-Sufian. She was also one of the consorts who
quenched the thirst of knowledge of Muslim women. She is the narrator of
some 65 Ahadis. She died at the age of 73.
Qibtiya was sent to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) as a present by the ruler of
Egypt, and she gave birth to the Holy Prophet's last son, Ibrahim.
, was the daughter of Hayyi bin Akhtab, Chief of the Banu Quraiza tribe.
She was a widow and became a prisoner of war at the time of battle of
Khaiber. She died at the age of sixty. She is the narrator of some 10
Rehena, daughter of Zaid, belong to Banu Quraiza. When her tribe capitulated,
she became a captive. The set her free and there after married her. She
died during the Holy Prophet (PBUH) life time.
Holy Prophet's (PBUH) last marriage, in 7AH was with Maimuna, daughter
of Haris, who was a widow. She is the narrator of some 76 Ahadis. She
died in 51AH.